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FGM side effects

FGM facts

  • Fatal bleeding


  • Tetanus


  • Urinal retention


  • Organ damage


  • Wound infection


  • Sepsis


  • Transmission of HIV, hepatitis B and C


  • Shock


  • Pain during menstrual cycle


  • Pain during sexual intercourse


  • Inablity to conceive


  • Depression


  • Post traumatic stress disorder

  • The first known recording of FGM dates back to Kemet, Egypt, by the Pharoahs.. The mummified body of a princess was found to be genitally mutilated.


  • 130 million women living today have been mutilated.


  • Every year up to 24,000 girls are at the risk of being mutilated in the uk.


  • The practice of FGM has been outlawed in the uk since 1985, however in the last 28 years, no one has been prosecuted.


  • Most girls undergo FGM when they are between 7 and 10 years old. However, FGM seems to be occurring at earlier ages in several countries because parents want to reduce the trauma to their children. They also want to avoid government interference and/or resistance from children as they get older and form their own opinions.


  • FGM is a violation of the human rights act.



  • About 500,000,000 Muslims


  • More than 100,000,000 U.S American


  • About 25,000,000 Filipinos


  • Some tens of millions of older men of Britainand the Commonwealth


  • Some tens of millions of African tribesmen


  • About 14,000,000 South Koreans


  •  7,000,000 Jews


  • Some hundreds of thousands of Central and Eastern Polynesia (Samoa, Tahiti, Tonga, Niue, Tokelau)


  • Melanesians (Fiji, Vanuatu, parts of Solomon Islands and small parts of PNG)


  • Some thousands of aboriginal Australians, mainly in the northen and western hemisphere


  • FGM inforgraphic world map:


Who is affected?

Govermental view point


On June 25, 2012, the District Court of Cologne ruled that circumcision of boys is a bodily injury, and doctors doing it could be punished.



On June 13, 2012, the Centre Party justice policy spokeswoman Jenny Klinge said the practice of ritually circumcising infant boys is outdated, dangerous, and should be banned.)


The Netherlands

Circumsision is not yet legally questioned, but on April 26, 2010, the KNMG (Royal Dutch Medical Association) issued a policy urging its members not to perform it.


South Africa

On June 19, 2006 the South African President assented to the Children's Act, which outlaws male genital cutting except for religious and medical purposes, or with the consent of a child over 16. (This has not seriously impeded non-therapeutic circumcision.)



On June 1, 2001, the Swedish Parliament passed a law restricting circumcision to licenced practitioners, except for religious circumcision in the first two months of life. The law comes into effect on October 1 and will be reviewed in four years.



Late in 1999, the Juridic Ombudsman of the Finnish Parliament, Riitta-Leena Paunio, noted that infant circumcision is not recommended without a medical reason and recommended that children should be consulted and should give their permission. She said the Finnish Parliament should weigh up the parents' religious rights over their children against the obligation of society to protect its children from ritualistic operations without immediate benefit to them. This decision is believed to be the first of its kind in any country. As an immediate result, the consent of both parents is now required. 



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